They proceeded to do so two days later, completing the process on 17 June. These were important events that marked the peoples first actions to take matters into their own hands. Explain the composition of the National Convention and its various political divisions and factions. The credibility of the monarch, however, was suspect.
The following month, amid a wave of violence in which Parisian insurrectionists massacred hundreds of accused counterrevolutionaries, the Legislative Assembly was replaced by the National Convention, which proclaimed the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of the French republic.
This shows that the King was weak and unpopular with the people. The revolution is considered one of the most important events in human history, as it has continued to shape societies and the ways we live today Cody, Poor harvests lasting several years and an inadequate transportation system both contributed to making food more expensive.
The peasantsmany of whom owned land, had attained an improved standard of living and education and wanted to get rid of the last vestiges of feudalism so as to acquire the full rights of landowners and to be free to increase their holdings.
To what extent was feudalism a cause of the French Revolution? To what is he referring to, and how did they endanger the monarchy? Through examining political, economical, social and cultural factors that led up to the French Revolution, this essay aims at evaluating the extent King Louis XVI was responsible for the event.
If he had been a visionary leader, the result would have been different and more responsibility would have been expected of him. Did this body suffer from internal failings — or was it simply a victim of treacherous times?
Long-term factors include the deteriorating economic situation at the time, the rising population in France, and the new ideas of the Enlightenment that influenced the French peoples thinking. Explain how radical writers like Jean-Paul Marat and Camille Desmoulins influenced the development of the new society between and The philosophes —intellectuals whose writings inspired these arguments—were certainly influenced by 17th-century theorists such as DescartesSpinoza and Lockebut they came to very different conclusions about political, social, and economic matters.
How did these bodies contribute to the developing revolution? Many assumed the Estates-General would approve future taxes, and Enlightenment ideals were relatively rare.
Despite succeeding in gaining independence for the Thirteen Colonies, France was severely indebted by the American Revolutionary War. In general however, King Louis was young at the time when he was crowned king, and he did not have the essential leadership and ability to handle the problems he was faced with.
The constitution also succeeded in eliminating the nobility as a legal order and struck down monopolies and guilds. In the countryside, peasants and farmers revolted against their feudal contracts by attacking the manors and estates of their landlords.
In Junethe Jacobins seized control of the National Convention from the more moderate Girondins and instituted a series of radical measures, including the establishment of a new calendar and the eradication of Christianity. Although he started out as a popular king, he was only 20 years old and was young and inexperienced.
However, since two of the three estates—the clergy and the nobility—were tax-exempt, the attainment of any such solution was unlikely. Simply put, with Enlightenment ideas spreading through France in the late s, it became increasingly obvious that the French nobility wielded a disproportionate amount of power and privilege for no apparent reason.
Retrieved March 17thhttp: With the Age of Enlightenment, his power and authority over others was being increasingly questioned. Faced with opposition from the parlements, Calonne organised the summoning of the Assembly of Notables.
By the late s, the directors relied almost entirely on the military to maintain their authority and had ceded much of their power to the generals in the field. The drama of 1.
However, the fact that the king tried to run away from the very constitutional monarchy to which he had agreed made it clear that he had given up on the new government. If he had been a visionary leader, the result would have been different and more responsibility would have been expected of him.
All of these had led to the peoples discontent, especially with the economic crisis, as they could barely support their families in face of the rising food costs and unemployment. Retrieved March 20thhttp: Discuss how the strains and stresses of imperialism might have weakened the domestic government in 18th century France, paving the way for revolutionary sentiment.
The Thermidorian Reaction and the Directory The era following the ousting of Robespierre was known as the Thermidorian Reaction, and a period of governmental restructuring began, leading to the new Constitution of and a significantly more conservative National Convention.
The non-aristocratic members of the Third Estate now represented 98 percent of the people but could still be outvoted by the other two bodies.
It had last met in In response, the King announced the calling of the Estates-General for Maythe first time the body had been summoned since Causes, March 17 The harvests in and were unfruitful due to bad weather, which led to a number of side effects including rising bread prices, less income for farmers and discontent of the people Lavelle, On one side were the Jacobins, a group of radical liberals—consisting mainly of deputies, leading thinkers, and generally progressive society members—who wanted to drive the Revolution forward aggressively.
Explain how issues of ceremony, procedure and voting created divisions within the Estates-General when it met in midThe French Revolution was a period of time from to in France where there was political instability.
It officially began on the 14th of July,when the Bastille, which was a symbol of the King’s harsh policies, was stormed.
In the National Convention declared France a republic and had the king tried as a traitor and condemned to death. Louis XVI was sentenced to the guillotine on January 21,in Paris. Essays Related to The French Revolution: 1.
Essay on the French Revolution. Revolution in France in The causes of the revolution in France can be divided it to long-term causes and short term causes. The main long-term cause was the way in which the country was run. The French revolution took place in France from toduring the reign of King Louis XVI.
It was an expression of discontent from the poor towards the rich, and of how they thought France was governed unfairly. The French Revolution: - Essay - The French Revolution, which occurred from towas a time where the monarchy was overthrown, a republic.
Published: Mon, 5 Dec The French Revolution of had many long-range causes. Political, social, and economic conditions in France contributed to the discontent felt by many French people-especially those of the third estate.Download